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area code

Biggest city:





Central (GMT -6)

Nearby area codes: 

Zip codes



Major Cities:

Peoria, Bloomington, Normal​


Average Income:





Unemployment Rate:

The 309 area code is a vital part of Illinois' telecommunications network, serving the central and northwestern parts of the state. Establishment and Geographic Coverage: The 309 area code was created in 1957 as a split from the 217 area code. This change was necessitated by the growing demand for new telephone numbers in the region. The 309 area code covers a substantial portion of central and northwestern Illinois, including cities like Peoria, Bloomington, and Moline. The region encompasses a mix of urban, suburban, and rural areas, serving a wide array of communication needs. Economic and Cultural Importance: The area served by the 309 area code has a diverse economy, with significant contributions from manufacturing, agriculture, education, and healthcare. Cities like Peoria are known for their industrial and agricultural machinery production, while the region also hosts major universities and medical centers. Culturally, the area is rich in Midwestern history and heritage, with various cultural institutions, historic sites, and outdoor recreational opportunities. Seven-Digit Dialing: Unlike many regions in the United States that have introduced overlay area codes and hence require ten-digit dialing, the 309 area code region continues to use seven-digit dialing for local calls. This means that calls within the 309 area code do not require the area code to be dialed for local communications, maintaining a simpler dialing process for residents and businesses in the area. These facts about the 309 area code highlight its role in supporting the telecommunications needs of a significant portion of Illinois. By providing dedicated phone numbering resources, the 309 area code ensures that the region's diverse economic, educational, and cultural activities are efficiently connected and supported.
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