Java is a high-level, class-based, object-oriented programming language that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
It was developed by Sun Microsystems (which is now a part of Oracle Corporation) and released in 1995. Java is one of the most widely used programming languages, particularly for client-server web applications.
Write Once, Run Anywhere: Java was designed with a philosophy of "write once, run anywhere" (WORA), meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation.
Java Virtual Machine (JVM): Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode, which can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of the underlying computer architecture.
Object-Oriented Programming (OOP): Java is predominantly known for its object-oriented programming model, which makes it a suitable choice for large, complex, and modular software systems.
Standard Edition (SE), Enterprise Edition (EE), and Micro Edition (ME): Java has different editions for different types of applications – SE for desktop and standalone server applications, EE for large-scale enterprise applications, and ME for mobile and embedded devices.
Garbage Collection: Java manages memory allocation and de-allocation automatically through a system called garbage collection, which helps prevent memory leaks.
Java continues to be a popular choice for building enterprise-scale applications, Android mobile apps, and various server-side technologies.