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LRN (Location Routing Number)

The Location Routing Number (LRN) is a unique 10-digit number used in the United States to support the Local Number Portability (LNP) system.

It plays a crucial role in the modern telecommunication landscape, particularly in routing calls more efficiently and supporting the flexibility of number portability. 

  • Purpose of LRN: The LRN system was developed to facilitate Local Number Portability, which allows telephone users to retain their phone numbers when switching from one carrier to another, regardless of the location.

  • Routing Calls Post-Number Portability: When a phone number is ported to a new carrier, an LRN is assigned to that number. This LRN is associated with the switch serving the ported number and is used by other carriers to route calls to the correct destination.

  • Simplifying Call Routing: Before LNP, calls were routed based on the area code and central office code of the dialed number. With LNP, the geographic location of the number can change, making this method ineffective. LRNs ensure calls are correctly routed to their new location.

The LRN system is a foundational component of the telecommunications industry in the United States, enabling efficient call routing in a landscape where phone numbers are increasingly portable across geographic locations and service providers.

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